There are three main applications for our proposed membrane-based technologies, namely:
1. Osmotic Power Technology for Large Scale (Gegawatt range) Renewable Energy technology employs an open system salinity power configuration. As an example, this technology is potentially capable of generating from 100-400 MW from the Great Salt Lake, Utah depending on fresh water availability. Our estimation of the net osmotic energy potential from the Great Salt Lake is 17 MJ/m3 from Gunnison Bay water (north side of the lake) at 51% efficiency. The Great Salt Lake’s net energy potential from employing our membrane-based technology is sufficient enough to meet the electrical power demand for about 400,000 households and produces zero carbon-dioxide emissions.
2. Osmotic Power Technology for Small Scale (2 Megawatt range) Renewable Energy technology employs a closed system salinity power configuration. This technology is most suitable for establishments such as schools, shopping centers, office buildings, resorts, camping grounds, large public venues, etc. Closed system is capable of producing net energy of 62 J/m3 of brine.
3. Isothermal Osmotic Power Technology for water extraction and recovery for commercial and industrial applications such as consumer beverages, pharmaceutical fluids, chemical fluids and reagents, sugar solutions, medicinal fluids or industrial water wash, hazardous chemical, agricultural and industrial organic solutions, etc, using less than 2.5 kWh of energy.
It is our intent to not only to develop a successful technology, but also to establish a Salinity Power Laboratory for progressive research and development of membrane technology. This laboratory will be also used to train and recruit a cadre of intellectuals and technicians to support the development of a global salinity power industry.
There are several areas that require further development and lab experimentation. This could be accomplished through collaboration with technical academic institutions and/or affiliation with professional R&D organizations.